压力性尿失禁
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Reality Check: Do You Have Stress Urinary Incontinence?

I leak urine when I:

  • Cough
  • Sneeze
  • Laugh
  • Stand up
  • Get out of a car
  • Lift something heavy
  • Exercise
  • Have sex

If any of these apply, talk to a Healthcare Provider about Stress Urinary Incontinence. 

What are the symptoms of Stress Urinary Incontinence?

Stress Urinary Incontinence is the sudden, accidental loss of urine that occurs during normal, everyday activities. You may have SUI if you leak urine when you sneeze, cough or laugh, when you stand up, when you exercise, or when you lift items. SUI occurs when the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body, does not remain sealed until it is time to urinate.

What causes Stress Urinary Incontinence?

The most common cause of SUI is a weakening of muscles in the pelvic floor. When the pelvic floor is strong it supports the urethra, ensuring that it remains closed and in the correct position until it is time to urinate. When the muscles in the pelvic floor are weakened, there is insufficient support for the urethra. As a result, any increased pressure to the bladder, such as coughing, may cause the urethra to lose its seal and allow urine to escape. A weakened pelvic floor may be caused by:

  • Childbirth
  • Estrogen deficiency
  • Obesity
  • High-impact exercise
  • Chronic heavy lifting/straining
  • Surgery of the pelvic area

SUI may also be caused by deficient sphincter muscles in the urethra, which allows the urethra to open before you are ready to urinate.

压力性尿失禁有多常见?

压力性尿失禁是女性最常见的尿失禁类型,诊断率高达 60%。大约 50% 的女性偶尔尿失禁,高达 10% 的女性经常失禁。

如何治疗压力性尿失禁?

有多种治疗方法可用,包括骨盆肌加强、药物治疗和“吊带”手术。膨化剂,如用于治疗压力性尿失禁的 Macroplastique 可提供微创治疗来代替手术。

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